Iran: Primary source: “Defensive jihad is incumbent upon every one, the young and the old, men and women, everyone, absolutely everyone, must take part in this sacred battle, fight to the best of his or her abilities or assist our fighters.” —from a seventh grade Islamic culture and religious studies textbook
China: Primary source: “The fundamental reason for the victory [in World War II] is that the Chinese Communist Party became the core power that united the nation” —from a widely used Chinese history textbook
Saudi Arabia- Primary Source: “Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words (Islam, hellfire): Every religion other than ______________ is false. Whoever dies outside of Islam enters ____________.” — from a first-grade textbook
United States- Sample questions Primary source: “Explain how Arab rejection of the State of Israel has led to ongoing conflict.” And “Evaluate efforts by global organizations to undermine U.S. sovereignty.
Russia: “[Stalin] acted entirely rationally — as the guardian of a system, as a consistent support of reshaping the country into an industrialized state” —from A History of Russia, 1900-1945