Supporters of one of the two rival presidents in Ivory Coast say they intend to take to the streets again, a day after gun battles in the main city of Abidjan left at least 20 dead. On Thursday Alassane Ouattara’s backers tried to march on the headquarters of state TV, but clashed with troops loyal to his rival, Laurent Gbagbo.
Each man claims to have won last month’s presidential election. The UN Security Council has expressed deep concern over the violence. It warned that all sides would be held accountable under international law for any attacks against civilians, as fears rose the world’s largest cocoa producer could slide back towards civil war.
The UN and African and Western leaders have all backed Mr Ouattara as the rightful election winner. The chairman of the African Union commission, Jean Ping, has reportedly arrived in Abidjan to try to broker a deal to end the violence and the dispute. Other African envoys are expected later.
The BBC’s John James in Abidjan says the city is quiet so far, although many businesses are closed. A senior US official has been quoted as saying that Mr Gbagbo has been given days to stand down or face travel and financial sanctions.
The unnamed official said Mr Gbagbo and his family have “multiple homes in multiple countries” he could go to but which he could lose access to if sanctions are imposed. Our correspondent says, if confirmed, this would surprise many Ivorians, as Mr Gbagbo projects an image of austerity and nationalism.
Mr Ouattara has been staying at a hotel in Abidjan since the disputed polls. His supporters, including his nominated prime minister and former rebel leader Guillaume Soro, were trying to leave the hotel compound and march to the TV station on Thursday when fighting broke out.
A spokeswoman for Mr Gbagbo said 10 protesters and 10 members of the security forces had died. Officials from Mr Ouattara’s camp put the number of dead at 30 or more. Most of the violence was reported in Abidjan, but on Thursday afternoon it appeared to be spreading, with reports emerging of unrest elsewhere.
In Washington, State Department spokesman PJ Crowley said a combined delegation from the African Union and the Economic Community of West African States (Ecowas) would be in Abidjan soon “to continue to encourage President Gbagbo to step aside”. Both organisations have already suspended Ivory Coast until Mr Gbagbo cedes power. The trouble stems from last month’s run-off election, which the Electoral Commission said Mr Ouattara won by 54% to 46%.
Mr Gbagbo refused to admit defeat, and the Constitutional Council then annulled some results from the north and declared Mr Gbagbo the winner. The UN has about 10,000 peacekeepers in Ivory Coast.
Laurent Gbagbo (left)
- Former history teacher, 65
- Southern Christian;
- President since 2000;
- Backed by security forces
Alassane Ouattara (right)
- Former IMF economist, 68
- Northern Muslim
- Prime minister 1990-1993
- Backed by former rebels, UN, African leaders and the West